Classification of Techniques
Where Warriors Get Their Wares
All Judo techniques fall into one of three categories, and each category is further subdivided. the three categories are:
Nage Waza: Throwing Techniques
Katame Waza: Grappling Techniques
Atemi Waza: Striking Techniques
Nage waza comprise Tachi Waza (standing techniques) and Sutemi Waza (sacrifice techniques).
The action of the hips is important in any tachi waza, but they are further classified as either te waza (hand techniques), koshi waza (hip techniques) or ashi waza (foot or leg techniques), depending on which part of the body plays the central role in executing the technique.
Sutemi Waza are called ma sutemi waza (supine sacrifice techniques) or yoko sutemi waza (side sacrifice techniques). The former involve taking a back-on-the-mat position, the latter a side-on-the-mat position.
Katame Waza comprise osae-komi waza (hold-down techniques), shime waza (strangling techniques) and kansetsu waza (joint techniques). The term ne waza (mat work) is sometimes used in place of katame waza , but it is misleading in that not all katame waza are executed while lying on the mat. some strangleholds and joint locks, for example, can be applied from the standing position. As can be seen from the terminology, in grappling the opponent is held, his joints are locked or his limbs bent or twisted, or he can be strangled.
Atemi Waza are techniques for disabling an assailant by attacking with the fist, the knife edge of the hand, the fingertips, the elbow, the knee, the ball of the foot, the toes, the heel, the forehead or the back of the head. The technique may take the form of striking, punching, chopping, thrusting, jabbing or kicking. they are divided into ude waza (arm strikes), in which vital points are attacked with the hand or arm, and ashi ate (leg strikes), in which the leg or foot becomes the weapon. Both groups of techniques are further subdivided, as shown in the table.
The result of making forceful contact with a vital point can be pain, loss of consciousness, coma, disablement of death. Ate waza are practiced in kata, never in randori.
Sasae tsurikomi ashi
Harai tsurikomi ashi
Okuri ashi harai
Ma Sutemi Waza
Yoko Sutemi Waza
Kuzure kami shiho-gatame
Ude hishigi juji gatame
Ude hishigi ude-gatame
Ude hishigi hiza-gatame
Ude hishigi waki-gatame
Tsuki kake (Tsukkake)
Tsukiage (Kachi kake)